2011-05-30Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.04.028
Application of a split luciferase complementation assay for the detection of viral protein–protein interactions
Hardwidge, Philip R.
Kaushik, Radhey S.
Intraviral protein-protein interactions are critical for virus survival in the host. Discovery of such interactions is important to understand molecular mechanisms of viral replication and pathogenesis. The development of a cell-based assay that can be employed to examine systematically viral protein interactions is described. The method, known as the split luciferase complementation assay (SLCA), is based on the principle that N- and C-terminal domains of luciferase alone do not emit luminescence; however, if fused to interacting proteins the two non-functional halves can be brought into close enough proximity through a specific protein-protein interaction to restore the functions of the enzyme and emit detectable light. The well-studied influenza B polymerase acidic protein (PA) and basic protein 1 (PB1) interaction was used as a model system to develop the assay. Consistent with previous studies, a strong PA-PB1 interaction was demonstrated in the assay. The PA-PB1 interaction was also disrupted by single amino acid mutations in the N-terminal domain of PB1 that is responsible for binding PA. The described SLCA is highly specific and easy to perform, and thus may be useful for studying protein-protein interactions in viral diseases.
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