2013-05-27Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.1007/s00103-012-1658-1
Prevalence of sensitisation to aeroallergens and food allergens
Results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1)
In view of the increasing prevalence of allergies, up-to-date data on the prevalence of allergic sensitisation are of major interest. In the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1) (2008–2011), blood samples from a population-based sample of 7,025 participants aged 18 to 79 years were analysed for specific IgE antibodies against 50 common single allergens and screened for common aeroallergens (SX1) and grass pollen (GX1). In all, 48.6% of the participants were sensitised to at least one allergen. Overall, men were more frequently sensitised to at least one allergen than women were. Sensitisations to at least one allergen were more common among younger than older participants and among participants with a higher socio-economic status. In all, 33.6% of the participants were sensitised to common aeroallergens, 25.5% to food allergens and 22.6% to wasp or bee venoms. Compared with the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998 (GNHIES98), the prevalence of sensitisation to common aeroallergens increased from 29.8 to 33.6%.This increase was statistically significant only in women. The results of DEGS1 still showed a high prevalence of allergic sensitisation.
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