2018-11-15Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.25646/5813
Molecular Genetic and Functional Analysis of pks-Harboring, Extra-Intestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli From India
Wieler, Lothar H.
Colibactin, a genotoxin, encoded by the pks pathogenicity island of Escherichia coli belonging to the B2 phylogroup has been reported as a determinant of bacterial pathogenicity. The present study was carried out to detect the pks pathogenicity island in extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) isolated from a tertiary hospital in Pune, India. Of 462 isolates analyzed, the pks genomic island was detected in 35 (7.6%) isolates, which predominantly belonged to pathogenic phylogroup B2 (97%), and harbored virulence genes such as fimH, sfaD/E, and usp. Biofilm formation assay revealed 21 of the 35 pks-carrying isolates to be strong (SBF > 1.0), 10 isolates to be moderate (SBF = 0.5–1.0), and 4 as weak (SBF < 0.5) biofilm formers. All of the pks-carrying isolates proved resistant against bactericidal activity of human serum. Assays carried out to detect antimicrobial susceptibility revealed 11% of these isolates to be multidrug resistant, 37% producing ESBL and 25% were positive for blaCTX-M-15. The observed prevalence of multidrug resistance and colibactin producing characteristics among pathogenic E. coli belonging to phylogenetic group B2 advocate urgent need for broader surveillance in order to understand and prevent transmission of these ExPEC in community and hospital settings.