2017-12-13Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.17886/RKI-GBE-2017-132
Perceived exposure to hazardous working conditions in Germany
Kroll, Lars Eric
Data on the prevalence of perceived exposure to hazardous working conditions were gathered for the GEDA 2014/2015-EHIS study using a simple graduated question. Approximately one-fifth of people in employment state that they face serious or very serious occupational health hazards. However, women (18.6%) are significantly less likely to have this perception than men (27.0%). The differences between women and men can be explained by the variation in working hours and by the continued gender specific division of the labour market (segregation). There are pronounced differences among men with regard to educational and vocational qualifications, with lower qualified men viewing their employment as posing a higher risk to their health than higher qualified men; no similar differences exist between women. Finally, perceived health risks are highest among women and men in the passenger and freight transport sectors. The results of this study underline the importance of occupational safety and workplace health promotion.