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2019-03-14Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.25646/5871
Health inequalities among children and adolescents in Germany. Developments over time and trends from the KiGGS study
dc.contributor.authorLampert, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorHoebel, Jens
dc.contributor.authorKuntz, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorFinger, Jonas D.
dc.contributor.authorHölling, Heike
dc.contributor.authorLange, Michael
dc.contributor.authorMauz, Elvira
dc.contributor.authorMensink, Gert
dc.contributor.authorPoethko-Müller, Christina
dc.contributor.authorSchienkiewitz, Anja
dc.contributor.authorStarker, Anne
dc.contributor.authorZeiher, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorKurth, Bärbel-Maria
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-28T10:31:12Z
dc.date.available2019-01-28T10:31:12Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-14none
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.rki.de/176904/5912
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the extent to which health inequalities among children and adolescents in Germany have developed over the past decade. The analyses are based on data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), which are representative of the 0- to 17-year-old population in Germany. The KiGGS data were collected in three waves: the KiGGS baseline study (2003-2006), KiGGS Wave 1 (2009-2012) and KiGGS Wave 2 (2014-2017). Prevalences of five health outcomes are considered: general health, mental health problems, physical activity, the consumption of sugary soft drinks, and smoking. Moreover, it defines health inequalities in relation to differences in the socioeconomic status of the family (SES), an index derived from the parents’ level of education, occupation and income, and considers both absolute and relative health inequalities. In order to do so, the Slope Index of Inequality (SII) and the Relative Index of Inequality (RII) were calculated using linear probability or log-binomial models. Significant inequalities were identified to the detriment of young people from families with a low SES. These inequalities were particularly pronounced in the KiGGS Wave 2 data with regard to general health and the consumption of sugary soft drinks. Additionally, evidence from trend analyses for these two outcomes suggests that relative inequalities have increased. However, absolute inequalities decreased during the same period, and this also applies to smoking. The persistently high and, in some cases, widened levels of health inequalities indicate that adolescents from families with a low SES do not benefit to the same extent from disease prevention and health promotion measures for children and adolescents as young people from families with a higher SES.ger
dc.language.isogernone
dc.publisherRobert Koch-Institut
dc.rights(CC BY 3.0 DE) Namensnennung 3.0 Deutschlandger
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/de/
dc.subjectCHILD AND ADOLESCENT HEALTH
dc.subjectSOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subjectHEALTH INEQUALITIES
dc.subjectTREND ANALYSES
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheitnone
dc.titleHealth inequalities among children and adolescents in Germany. Developments over time and trends from the KiGGS studynone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:0257-176904/5912-6
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.25646/5871
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleJournal of Health Monitoringnone
local.edoc.anmerkungDie deutsche Version des Artikels ist verfügbar unter: http://doi.org/10.25646/5867
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-urlhttps://www.rki.de/DE/Content/Gesundheitsmonitoring/JoHM/JoHM_node.htmlnone
local.edoc.container-volume4none
local.edoc.container-issue1none
local.edoc.container-reportyear2019none
local.edoc.container-periodicalpart-creatorRobert Koch-Institutnone
local.edoc.container-firstpage15none
local.edoc.container-lastpage37none
local.edoc.rki-departmentEpidemiologie und Gesundheitsmonitoringnone
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone

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