2019-06-19Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.25646/5989
An international comparison of noncommunicable disease reporting: the case of diabetes mellitus
Against the background of the growing burden associated with diabetes mellitus, the German Federal Ministry of Health commissioned the Robert Koch Institute to develop a national diabetes surveillance. The periodic publication of up-todate data needed by diverse target audiences (dissemination) to develop subsequent public health measures is a crucial aspect of disease surveillance. The study produced an overview of diabetes surveillance in various countries with the intention of developing a dissemination strategy. This involved a two-stage process beginning with an online survey of public health experts from 46 countries. Structured Internet research was then carried out for countries that did not provide a response (19 out of 46). The majority of countries (38 out of 46; 83%) include diabetes in their health reporting; three quarters (29 out of 38; 77%) of these countries rely on an indicator-based reporting system. The study found that the most common formats used to publish information about diabetes and other noncommunicable diseases were topic-specific reports (24 out of 36; 67%) and national health reports (23 out of 36; 64%), followed by online formats such as websites or databases (20 out of 36; 57%). Moreover, health reporting primarily targets politicians (19 out of 20; 95%) as well as the media and the press (16 out of 20; 80%). The study found that both printed and online publications form part of a comprehensive dissemination strategy, however address different audiences.
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