2019-09-18Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.25646/6074
The health of children and adolescents with a migration background in Germany – Results of the cross-sectional KiGGS Wave 2 study
Over a third (36.5%) of young people living in Germany have a migration background. Based on the data of the second follow-up to the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 2, 2014-2017), the health situation of 11- to 17-year-olds with and without a migration background is described using selected indicators. In order to account for the diversity among children and adolescents with a migration background, the health indicators used in this study are stratified by migration background but also by additional migration-related characteristics. In addition, the results from the various subgroups are also stratified by sociodemographic characteristics. No differences in self-assessed general health or the outpatient utilisation of paediatric and general medical services were identified between 11- to 17-year-olds with and without a migration background. However, migration-related differences were identified in health behaviour: whereas children and adolescents with a one- or two-sided migration background are more frequently overweight (including obesity), they consume risky amounts of alcohol less often than those of the same age without a migration background. Finally, the outcomes of the indicators also vary according to migration-related and sociodemographic characteristics.
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