2020-06-30Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.25646/6808
Gynaecology and general practitioner services utilisation by women in the age group 50 years and older
There are relatively few representative data on the utilisation of physician services in Germany and its influencing. Based on data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1, 2008–2011), we analyse the utilisation of gynaecology and general practitioner (GP) services, with a focus on women aged 50 years and older. We compare these findings with data from the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998 (GNHIES98) and, based on this and further data, discuss possible developments. Figures for seeking GP services (over 80%) are constantly high across the entire lifespan, whereas figures for gynaecology services drop with age. Around 60% of women aged 50 years and older go to a gynaecological practice at least once a year. Socioeconomic status and place of residence are important determinants for the utilisation of services. Around half of all women aged 50 years and older sought both gynaecology and GP services at least once over a one-year period. Under 10% had only been to a gynaecologist, and around one third sought GP services only. Compared to GNHIES98, figures for GP and gynaecology services were considerably higher in DEGS1, health insurance data, however, shows no increase in the use of gynaecology services between 2008 and 2018. The results highlight the need to increase awareness among GPs of the needs of middle-aged and older women for gynaecological consultation and treatment.
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